When we teach our Writers Write course, we find that people are often unsure about using dramatic irony.
Dramatic Irony - What is it?
Dramatic irony is a story-telling device. It is when you give your reader plot information that the main character doesn’t have until later on in the story. Sometimes you want to keep all the characters in the dark about a major plot point that will only be revealed in the climax.
The Ironic Statement
When using dramatic irony, it should tie in with your theme. The characters must make a statement in the story, through dialogue or action, which throws the absurdity, danger, or emotion of the scene into relief. The dialogue will usually have a changed or opposite meaning. Similarly, the action will be misconstrued in some way, or cause a complication.
Here are the four reasons why you would use dramatic irony in a story, together with four examples, and their ironic statements.
by Anthony Ehlers for Writers Write